What are the dental problems that can occur due to HIV?
In people with HIV, the immune response system is weak, leaving an affected person prone to infections, including those that affect the teeth. Studies reveal that more than one third of those with HIV have dental problems.
The common problems are ulcers, herpes, leukoplakia, candidiasis and warts. These oral conditions can be very painful and can be inconvenient when eating. Tenderness of the mouth can be a problem for chewing and swallowing. This may cause an affected person to eat less, which in turn will decrease energy levels that one requires to fight the condition.
The most common problem that you will face if you have HIV is a dry mouth. Since saliva helps to break down and digest food along with controlling bacteria build-up, lack of this fluid will leave you open to tooth decay and infections. Your mouth might feel sticky and have a burning sensation. It would be a good idea to keep sipping water and sugar-free drinks. Chew sugar-free gum. Refrain from smoking and chewing tobacco. Avoid alcohol and lay off salty foods. You could even talk to your dentist about prescribing artificial saliva.